What are the best Samurai swords around for under $1000?
Until recently, my answer to this oft asked question was "it depends" - and with quite a few decent swords to choose from, there were few that truly stood out as the best of the best..
If price is no object, then it is easy to answer - Japanese made Shinken are the best Samurai swords money can buy. The Japanese attention to even the smallest detail is evident in everything they do, and their swords are a quest for perfection..
But not everyone can necessarily afford the average price of a Japanese Shinken of $5-8K..
So for the next best thing, the next best Samurai swords made by certified Master Smiths from the city of Longquan (Dragon Well), a city with over 2,600 years of blade making experience deep in the mountains of Zhejiang province and famous the world over for its swords, is a reasonable alternative..
There it is quite possible to get a fantastic sword for under $1,000. But there are quite a few to choose from, and not all are worth the money paid..
So in 2016, working in conjunction with my friend Chris Scoggin from Ronin Katana and the contacts we made with Master Smiths over the years, we created a project to finally be able to give a definitive answer..
The Project was called the Forge Direct Custom Katana.
Read on and decide for yourself if we have achieved this rather lofty goal..
Review by Paul Southren, Editor
To truly determine how good the Project is and see for myself if these really were the best Samurai swords currently available outside of Japan, I commissioned the forge to make two swords for me from the available customization options - adding a few extra options to try out and add to the mix if they were any good..
The first sword was an O-Katana - and while I could have gone crazy with different ito wrap and rayskin colors (even dyed purple or bright red rayskin is an option) - I selected what I felt was a noble theme of traditional black ito, white rayskin, solid black sageo (the cord that attached the sheathe to a belt) and a rich brown maki-e saya with golden floral embellishments.
This sword was based on what I felt would be a tribute to the most legendary sword maker of all time - Masamune.
By contrast, for the second sword I chose a shorter blade (27" Nagasa) with black iron fittings, black saya, black handle with black rayskin - black on black on black..
This second sword was to be the antithesis of the first, and a tribute to the sinister, half mad sword maker of legend, Muramasa..
To achive an authentic Muramasa style blade, I requested that the forge add in a partial bo-hi around 6" long about 3" from the tsuba.
As you can see, it turned out more or less to spec. From the tip to the back notch of the habaki (blade collar) the Nagasa (length) came out to be 26.75" - and the partial bo-hi added a nice visual touch and also lightened the blade slightly - as I had in mind for it to be a fast and lethal slicer..
The O Katana on the other hand had the default O-Katana length of 33" from kissaki to munemachi (that notch on the back of the blade collar - the traditional way to measure a sword).
So far, everything was to spec.
The blades themselves were nice and thick at the spine, roughly a quarter of an inch.
This part of the sword is called the mune (chest) and flowed cleanly to the habaki.
Below is a closer pic of the blade of the shorter Muramasa themed sword with partial bo-hi.
And here is one of the full length of the O-Katana. As you can see, it is one big sword (and does add to the cost of the sword by $125 as it needs a bigger saya, costs more make, temper, polish and ship. But worth every penny, and the ONLY customization option that costs more).
Now as you have probably noticed, each of these T10 tool steel blades is differentially hardened and has a natural, unetched and hand polished hamon temper line.
Currently we offer two types of hamon styles. The first is in a style called 'Choji Midare' and is very active and energetic and was selected for the shorter Katana.
The O-Katana on the other hand has what is effectively a gunome midare hamon (midare basically means with some activity and irregular patterns in the hamon).
On this blade, there is also a couple of Tobiyaki - a couple of spots where the hamon 'jumps' off the main area (this is not a flaw, and sometimes done intentionally - sometimes done as a 'happy accident' and a nice touch).
As you can see from the pictures below, some of the peaks of the hamon wave have intricate extensions giving them the appearance of snow covered mountain tops.
This kind of hamon activity you will only usually see in the very best Samurai swords, and is rarely seen on blades not produced in Japan.
Hats off to the Master Smiths for a job well done!
Closer to the kissaki tip, we see a well defined geometric yokote (intersection between the main blade and the tip).
The hamon cleanly follows the curvature of the tip (called boshi) and is beautifully polished..
I can only guess how many hours went into polishing the tip alone (polishing a kissaki is almost as time intensive as polishing the length of the rest of the blade due to its irregular shape).
All in all, the blades were quite exceptional.
They were smoothly polished, with top quality hamon and perfectly honed.
So now, on to the nitty gritty of the designs.
Now as I mentioned, the Muramasa themed Katana was kept deliberaly simple and dark in tone and character: black silk ito wrap, black rayskin, black iron fittings, black sageo and black saya.
The only colors, the two mekugi pegs (bamboo) and gold menuki (handle ornament) and gold highlights of the tsuba.
Because this was to be a somewhat sinister themed sword, I picked out the "i7 - Saint and Oni" with a demon on the left side seemingly praying for forgiveness to a Bodhisattva saint ringed with a gold halo..
This pattern is only seen on the side facing the wielder (the ura) while the outside, the omote, gives an opponent only a dark, rough looking shape.
The Fuchi and Kashira fittings are also made of iron with a black finish and textured pattern.
Overall, I achieved my goal of creating a foreboding design - so the O-Katana would be somewhat 'brigher' but traditional.
To achieve the look I was after, I selected the black ito again but this time with traditional white rayskin.
Because so much of the value of these swords is in the blades, we opted not to wrap the swords with hishigami (paper triangles) so while super tight and alternating, the diamonds are not perfectly aligned, which is about the only flaw on these swords I could find so far.
The handle is exactly 12" long on the O-Katana, slightly shorter on the Muramasa, and has a nice shape so feels very comfortable in the hand.
For this design I picked a work hardened copper tsuba and fittings themed set, the "T009 Elite Set - Kannon and the Dragon".
These sets are all matched from the tsuba to the menuki and the fuchigashira and actually cost a small fortune (over a 10th of the cost of the sword itself) as they are cast from work hardened copper and hand pained with real silver and gold accents but all options are included in the $899.99 purchase price.
Below is a close up of the silk ito and rayskin. The rayskin itself is a very nice cut, with large nodes and is clearly reserved for the best Samurai swords the smiths make.
The only flaw I could find was on the kashira - the hot gold application was a little off here and there, though only really noticeable up close and if you are looking for it.
I do not know if this is across the board or was just a case of whoever applied it rushing a bit before lunch or home time, but considering the raw cost of materials, I can see why they would not throw it away and start again for a few slightly off center daubs.
One thing that was quite perfect, however, was the saya.
There is a huge variety of saya available for the Forge Direct Custom Katana - 36 to be exact, and they range from solid colored lacquer to mother of pearl inlays and hand painted, stunning designs never seen before on even the best Samurai swords commonly available simply because, they are so darned expensive..
But with Forge Direct, we wanted to offer the full range at no additional cost - and one of the elite designs is the brown, maki-e (gold speckled) saya with real gold floral inserts.
The saya completed this design, and reminded me of the kind of saya you might see belonging to a Daimyo (Feudal Lord)..
So to quickly recap, the blades were awesome and the fittings left little to be desired and were exactly as I had ordered.
But the big question now is - how did they handle? And even more importantly, how do they cut straight out of the box..?
The first question - handling, is very easy to answer.
The shorter Muramasa inspired Katana is one of the fastest, most agile blades I have had the pleasure of using.
Part of it is the design - a 1" shorter than the standard 28" Katana blade with partial bo-hi and solid iron fittings all tend to shift the balance towards the handle.
The point of balance comes in at 5" from the tsuba and it weighs approx 2lbs, certainly only an ounce or two over (I had to estimate, but on average - depending on your choice of fittings - these swords weight between 2-2.4lbs).
This gave it amazing speed and makes it one of the best Samurai Swords I have played around with for sheer responsiveness by far.
You would think that the O-Katana with its 33" blade and no bo-hi to lighten it would be sluggish.
And you would be wrong.
Balanced at 6" from the tsuba, it is not as fast as the Muramasa clone, but for such a long blade, is very, very easy to weild.
Interestingly, when balancing the swords for the photos, I noticed a slightly odd phenomenon. While most Katana sit flat when balanced on one finger, both of these would tilt upwards with the cutting edge facing the sky (better that than the other way, as I would have lost a finger!).
It was a curious thing and made them feel somehow more alive and may well down to their exceptional handling.
I call these the best Samurai swords not because they look amazing, handle extremely well and are - for what you get - incredible bang for the buck.
The real reason they are the best Samurai swords in my opinion is their cutting ability.
While a paper cutting test can only tell you so much, it was especially eye opening when compared with a different Katana priced closer to $300 that I was testing at the same time as these..
But the real proof of the pudding is in the cutting of light and not so light targets. Only the best Samurai swords can handle both - and it takes a lot of skill to make a blade that can handle the light stuff and not chip or break on something more demanding..
Water filled bottles were cut without any effort at all. From the video below you will get some idea of how easily they are cut - as too are pool noodles, a surprisingly challenging target that only the keenest swords will cut as they 'flop' away from anything that is less than crazy sharp.
But conversely, they were also tested on some aged, thick, hard and nasty bamboo - and finally, a coconut..
Only the best Samurai swords can handle both ends of the cutting spectrum.
The clean cuts on the hard bamboo left not a mark on the blade.
And despite my inability to line up a decent cut on the coconut a couple of times, when I did finally hit it straight - it sliced it easily..
On the popular TV show, Forged in Fire, splitting a cocunut with a blade has broken or twisted many a blade. But when I checked the blade afterwards, it was as if it had never happened - the edge was as keen and beautiful as when it arrived..
The hamon on these swords is up there with the best Samurai swords anywhere in the world, I showed the pictures to some Japanese sword friends without telling them where the swords were made and they thought they were real Shinken made in Japan (one even thought he knew the smith!)..
The fittings are reserved only for the best Samurai swords made in Longquan, they are too expensive to use on a sub $300 sword and indeed, by offering them, it seriously squeezes our margin - especially as they are also offered with free worldwide shipping.
But it is the handling and the cutting ability of these Katana that truly separates them from the herd.
And I must admit, the process of designing your own is hugely enjoyable. And better yet, you actually get what you designed..
First time I have ever done it, but despite the price, knowing how low the mark up is and having experienced the process first hand - 5 out of 5..
I guarantee you will agree that these are the best Samurai swords you can get hold of for this price point, and know you will not be disappointed..
I hope this information on what I feel to be the best Samurai Swords currently available at this price point has been helpful. To return to the Ultimate Guide to Authentic Japanese Swords from Our Best Samurai Swords: Forge Direct Custom Katana Review, click here